"Gin" being the word from the Negroes in
the USA, short for "engine", used in separating
the seed from the cotton, hence "cotton gin", the machine,
ginning, the process.
Cotton growing is very big in central NSW, and some say
it is part of the reason for the shortage of water in the
Murray-Darling River basin, as cotton requires copious quantities
But it is a very big export earner and provides much
The cotton is trucked to the processing plant from the farms
in large square blocks or latterly large round bales, these
being made within the harvesting machine and so producing
a cleaner product.
It takes a unique machine to shift these blocks from the
storage paddocks to the teaser.
The blocks are first
teased to a fluffy consistency.
Then the hard outer casing of the cotton bole is removed
together with dust and other debris, by blowing the cotton
The cotton then goes through the "GIN" and the
seed is removed. The cotton is seen on the mid section and
the seed falling in the lower part of the machine.
shows raw cotton on the right, seed in the mid section and
the finished clean cotton to be baled on the left.
The seed in the raw cotton on the right is within the cotton
and can not be seen.
The cotton then is baled into 237 kg bales.
Sampled, graded, and about 80% is exported to China, and
some of it eventually comes back in the form of material
What an interesting tour of a ginning plant. Thank you Nadine